Leptomyxa valladarensis n. sp. (Amoebozoa, Tubulinea, Leptomyxida), from Mount Teide, Tenerife, Spain.

De Obeso Fernandez Del Valle, A., Lorenzo-Morales, J. & Maciver, S. K.
Experimental Parasitology
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Leptomyxa valladaresi was isolated from soil in a pine forest on the southern flank of Mt Teide in Tenerife, Spain. It feeds on bacteria and on a range of other amoebae, and it was possible to establish bi-axenic cultures with L. valladaresi and Acanthamoeba. It is easily propagated on a E. coli also. 18S rDNA gene sequence analysis suggests that it is most closely related to Leptomyxa variabilis, however this amoeba differs in important detail. L. valladaresi is primarily mononucleate whereas L. variabilis is multinucleate. L. valladaresi is a larger amoeba and although the cysts are similar in size, there is no sign of the pore-like structures described in L. variabilis cysts. L. valladaresi can adopt a rapid monopodal and tubular morphology similar to that described for L. neglecta and Rhizamoeba matisi, and is never reticulated as larger L. variabilis individuals tend to be. The mean generation time was found to be 18 h, in line with amoebae of this size. Like other members of the genus, L. valladaresi is reported to harbour intracellular, presumably endosymbiotic bacteria, and a Delftia sp has been identified by 16S PCR a bacterium which is also known to grow within Acanthamoeba. The availability of this easily cultured species will help to characterize of this little studied genus and family and their relationship with bacteria, both prey and symbionts.